Superman. 18 x RAHMENLOS MODERN ECHTER FOTO-ABZUG UNTER ACRYLGLAS Machen Sie jemandem eine ganz besondere Freude: Gleich beim. ___ Superman heißt mit bürgerlichem Namen Kal-El und stammt gebürtig vom Planeten Krypton. Nur noch kurz die Welt retten! Bei Maskworld original Superman, Supergirl und Wonder Woman Kostüme für Erwachsene und Kinder in großer Auswahl kaufen!
Superman ist der Name einer Comicfigur, die in den er-Jahren von den beiden US-Amerikanern Jerry Siegel und Joe Shuster geschaffen wurde und in ihrer heute bekannten Form ihren ersten Auftritt hatte. Superman ist der Name einer Comicfigur, die in den er-Jahren von den beiden US-Amerikanern Jerry Siegel und Joe Shuster geschaffen wurde und in. Superman (alternativer Titel: Superman – Der Film) ist ein Science-Fiction-Film aus dem Jahr und zugleich der erste Teil der erfolgreichen. von mehr als Ergebnissen oder Vorschlägen für "Superman". Nur noch kurz die Welt retten! Bei Maskworld original Superman, Supergirl und Wonder Woman Kostüme für Erwachsene und Kinder in großer Auswahl kaufen! Superman. 18 x RAHMENLOS MODERN ECHTER FOTO-ABZUG UNTER ACRYLGLAS Machen Sie jemandem eine ganz besondere Freude: Gleich beim. Superman, die Comics mit dem größten Superhelden aller Zeiten! Ein absolutes Comic-Urgestein von DC. Für Neueinsteiger und Fans der Helden-Legende.
Infos über Superman. Verlag: DC (© Copyright by TM DC Comics) Bild links: © Copyright by TM Alex Ross and DC Comics Name: Superman Richtiger Name. Superman ist der Name einer Comicfigur, die in den er-Jahren von den beiden US-Amerikanern Jerry Siegel und Joe Shuster geschaffen wurde und in ihrer heute bekannten Form ihren ersten Auftritt hatte. Superman™, der erste bekannte Superheld, debütierte in einer Ausgabe von Action-Comics. So beliebt war der ikonische Man of Steel, dass er bald. Stuart Immonen. Michael Green. Ross Andru. Aaron Kuder. Adam Archer.
Supermann Navigation menu Video'Superman: Requiem' (Full Authorized Fan Film)
The '90s were a wild time for comics. The industry went from niche market to worldwide business leader.
DC and Marvel became household names and a group of young superstar artists Superman Unchained 4 interior.
All-Star Superman interior. Henry Cavill. Superman Character Facts Powers: super strength, flight, invulnerability, super speed, heat vision, freeze breath, x-ray vision, superhuman hearing, healing factor.
First Appearance. Base of Operations. Related Characters: Lois Lane. Wonder Woman. Green Lantern. The Flash. Lex Luthor.
Kirk Alyn became the first actor to portray the hero onscreen. It was the most profitable movie serial in movie history.
Superman , was released in For flying scenes, Superman was hand-drawn in animated form, composited onto live-action footage. The first big-budget movie was Superman in , starring Christopher Reeve and produced by Alexander and Ilya Salkind.
It is the most successful Superman feature film to date in terms of box office revenue adjusted for inflation.
Superman was the first big-budget superhero movie, and its success arguably paved the way for later superhero movies like Batman and Spider-Man In , Man of Steel was released by Warner Bros.
Its sequel, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice , featured Superman alongside Batman and Wonder Woman , making it the first theatrical movie in which Superman appeared alongside other superheroes from the DC Universe.
Cavill reprised his role in Justice League and is under contract to play Superman in one more film.
Adventures of Superman , which aired from to , was the first television series based on a superhero. It starred George Reeves as Superman. Whereas the radio serial was aimed at children, this television show was aimed at a general audience,   although children made up the majority of viewers.
Robert Maxwell, who produced the radio serial , was the producer for the first season. For the second season, Maxwell was replaced with Whitney Ellsworth.
Ellsworth toned down the violence of the show to make it more suitable for children, though he still aimed for a general audience. This show was extremely popular in Japan, where it achieved an audience share rating of His first animated television series was The New Adventures of Superman , which aired from to The show also feature a seven-minute part focused on Superboy named The Adventures of Superboy.
Starting in , Superman was one of the leading characters in Hanna-Barbera produced an animated series called Super Friends and all its sequels until To celebrate his 50th anniversary, Ruby-Spears produced an animated series partially based on Superman and post-Crisis Superman comics created by John Byrne.
The model sheets for this series were drawn by legendary comics artist Gil Kane and most of the episodes were written by comics writer Marv Wolfman.
Superboy aired from to It was produced by Alexander and Ilya Salkind, the same men who had produced the Superman movies starring Christopher Reeve.
This show was aimed at adults and focused on the relationship between Clark Kent and Lois Lane as much as Superman's heroics.
Smallville aired from to The show was targeted at young adults. Although Clark engages in heroics in this show, he doesn't wear a costume, nor does he call himself Superboy.
Rather, he relies on misdirection and his blinding speed to avoid being recognized. Superman: The Animated Series with the voice of Tim Daly on the main character aired from to After the show's cancellation, this version of Superman appeared in the sequel shows Batman Beyond voiced by Christopher McDonald aired from to and Justice League and Justice League Unlimited voiced by George Newbern , which ran from to All of these shows were produced by Bruce Timm.
This was the most successful and longest-running animated version of Superman. Superman has appeared in a series of direct-to-video animated movies produced by Warner Bros.
Many of these movies are adaptations of popular comic book stories. The first electronic game was simply titled Superman , and released in for the Atari The last game centered on Superman was Superman Returns adapted from the movie in Superman has, however, appeared in more recent games starring the Justice League, such as Injustice 2 DC Comics trademarked the Superman chest logo in August The earliest paraphernalia appeared in a button proclaiming membership in the Supermen of America club.
The first toy was a wooden doll in made by the Ideal Novelty and Toy Company. Action Comics and Superman carried messages urging readers to buy war bonds and participate in scrap drives.
This was normal practice in the comic magazine industry and they had done the same with their previous published works Slam Bradley , Doctor Occult , etc.
Siegel wrote most of the magazine and daily newspaper stories until he was conscripted into the army in , whereupon the task was passed to ghostwriters.
Siegel was furious because DC Comics did this without having bought the character. In , Siegel and Shuster attempted to regain rights to Superman using the renewal option in the Copyright Act of , but the court ruled Siegel and Shuster had transferred the renewal rights to DC Comics in Siegel and Shuster appealed, but the appeals court upheld this decision.
DC Comics fired Siegel when he filed this second lawsuit. In , Siegel and a number of other comic book writers and artists launched a public campaign for better compensation and treatment of comic creators.
Warner Brothers agreed to give Siegel and Shuster a yearly stipend, full medical benefits, and credit their names in all future Superman productions in exchange for never contesting ownership of Superman.
Siegel and Shuster upheld this bargain. Shuster died in DC Comics offered Shuster's heirs a stipend in exchange for never challenging ownership of Superman, which they accepted for some years.
Siegel died in His heirs attempted to take the rights to Superman using the termination provision of the Copyright Act of Copyright lawyer and movie producer Marc Toberoff then struck a deal with the heirs of both Siegel and Shuster to help them get the rights to Superman in exchange for signing the rights over to his production company, Pacific Pictures.
Both groups accepted. In , the judge ruled in favor of the Siegels. DC Comics appealed the decision, and the appeals court ruled in favor of DC, arguing that the October letter was binding.
In , the Shuster heirs served a termination notice for Shuster's grant of his half of the copyright to Superman.
DC Comics sued the Shuster heirs in , and the court ruled in DC's favor on the grounds that the agreement with the Shuster heirs barred them from terminating the grant.
Under current US copyright law, Superman is due to enter the public domain in Versions of him with later developments, such as his power of " heat vision " introduced in , may persist under copyright until the works they were introduced in enter the public domain themselves.
Superman's success immediately begat a wave of imitations. The most successful of these at this early age was Captain Marvel , first published by Fawcett Comics in December Captain Marvel had many similarities to Superman: Herculean strength, invulnerability, the ability to fly, a cape, a secret identity, and a job as a journalist.
DC Comics filed a lawsuit against Fawcett Comics for copyright infringement. The trial began in March after seven years of discovery.
The judge ruled that Fawcett had indeed infringed on Superman. However, the judge also found that the copyright notices that appeared with the Superman newspaper strips did not meet the technical standards of the Copyright Act of and were therefore invalid.
Furthermore, since the newspaper strips carried stories adapted from Action Comics , the judge ruled that DC Comics had effectively abandoned the copyright to the Action Comics stories.
The judge ruled that DC Comics had effectively abandoned the copyright to Superman and therefore forfeited its right to sue Fawcett for copyright infringement.
DC Comics appealed this decision. The appeals court ruled that unintentional mistakes in the copyright notices of the newspaper strips did not invalidate the copyrights.
Furthermore, Fawcett knew that DC Comics never intended to abandon the copyrights, and therefore Fawcett's infringement was not an innocent misunderstanding, and therefore Fawcett owed damages to DC Comics.
This section details the most consistent elements of the Superman narrative in the myriad stories published since In Action Comics 1 , Superman is born on an alien world to a technologically advanced species that resembles humans.
Shortly after he is born, his planet is destroyed in a natural cataclysm, but Superman's scientist father foresaw the calamity and saves his baby son by sending him to Earth in a small spaceship.
The ship, sadly, is too small to carry anyone else, so Superman's parents stay behind and die. The earliest newspaper strips name the planet "Krypton", the baby "Kal-L", and his biological parents "Jor-L" and "Lora";  their names were changed to "Jor-el", and "Lara" in a spinoff novel by George Lowther.
The Kents name the boy Clark and raise him in a farming community. A episode of the radio serial places this unnamed community in Iowa. The Superman movie placed it in Kansas, as have most Superman stories since.
In Action Comics 1 and most stories before , Superman's powers begin developing in infancy. From to , DC Comics regularly published stories of Superman's childhood and adolescent adventures, when he called himself " Superboy ".
In Man of Steel 1, Superman's powers emerged more slowly and he began his superhero career as an adult. The Kents teach Clark he must conceal his otherworldly origins and use his fantastic powers to do good.
Clark creates the costumed identity of Superman so as to protect his personal privacy and the safety of his loved ones. As Clark Kent, he wears eyeglasses to disguise his face and wears his Superman costume underneath his clothes so that he can change at a moment's notice.
To complete this disguise, Clark avoids violent confrontation, preferring to slip away and change into Superman when danger arises, and he suffers occasional ridicule for his apparent cowardice.
In Superboy 78 , Superboy makes his costume out of the indestructible blankets found in the ship he came to Earth in.
In Man of Steel 1 , Martha Kent makes the costume from human-manufactured cloth, and it is rendered indestructible by an "aura" that Superman projects.
The "S" on Superman's chest at first was simply an initial for "Superman". When writing the script for the movie , Tom Mankiewicz made it Superman's Kryptonian family crest.
In the comic story Superman: Birthright , the crest is described as an old Kryptonian symbol for hope. Clark works as a newspaper journalist. In the earliest stories, he worked for The Daily Star , but the second episode of the radio serial changed this to the Daily Planet.
In comics from the early s, Clark worked as a television journalist an attempt to modernize the character. However, for the movie , the producers chose to make Clark a newspaper journalist again because that was how most of the public thought of him.
The first story in which Superman dies was published in Superman , in which he is murdered by Lex Luthor by means of kryptonite.
This story was "imaginary" and thus was ignored in subsequent books. In Superman April , Superman is killed by kryptonite radiation but is revived in the same issue by one of his android doppelgangers.
He was later revived by the Eradicator using Kryptonian technology. In Superman 52 May Superman is killed by kryptonite poisoning, and this time he is not resurrected, but replaced by the Superman of an alternate timeline.
Superman maintains a secret hideout called the "Fortress of Solitude", which is located somewhere in the Arctic.
Here, Superman keeps a collection of mementos and a laboratory for science experiments. In Action Comics , the Fortress of Solitude is a cave in a mountain, sealed with a very heavy door that is opened with a gigantic key too heavy for anyone but Superman to use.
In the movie, the Fortress of Solitude is a structure made out of ice. The movie Man of Steel portrays the Fortress as a Kryptonian exploratory craft buried deep beneath rock and ice.
Although his name and history were taken from his early life with his adoptive Earth parents, everything about Clark was staged for the benefit of his alternate identity: as a reporter for the Daily Planet , he receives late-breaking news before the general public, has a plausible reason to be present at crime scenes, and need not strictly account for his whereabouts as long as he makes his story deadlines.
He sees his job as a journalist as an extension of his Superman responsibilities—bringing truth to the forefront and fighting for the little guy.
He believes that everybody has the right to know what is going on in the world, regardless of who is involved.
To deflect suspicion that he is Superman, Clark Kent adopted a largely passive and introverted personality with conservative mannerisms, a higher-pitched voice, and a slight slouch.
This personality is typically described as "mild-mannered", perhaps most famously by the opening narration of Max Fleischer 's Superman animated theatrical shorts.
These traits extended into Clark's wardrobe, which typically consists of a bland-colored business suit, a red necktie, black-rimmed glasses, combed-back hair, and occasionally a fedora.
Clark wears his Superman costume underneath his street clothes, allowing easy changes between the two personae and the dramatic gesture of ripping open his shirt to reveal the familiar "S" emblem when called into action.
Superman usually stores his Clark Kent clothing compressed in a secret pouch within his cape,  though some stories have shown him leaving his clothes in some covert location such as the Daily Planet storeroom  for later retrieval.
As Superman's alter ego , the personality, concept, and name of Clark Kent have become ingrained in popular culture as well, becoming synonymous with secret identities and innocuous fronts for ulterior motives and activities.
In , Superman co-creator Joe Shuster told the Toronto Star that the name derived from s cinematic leading men Clark Gable and Kent Taylor , but the persona from bespectacled silent film comic Harold Lloyd and himself.
Clark's middle name is given variously as either Joseph, Jerome, or Jonathan, all being allusions to creators Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster. In the original Siegel and Shuster stories, Superman's personality is rough and aggressive.
He often uses excessive force and terror against criminals, on some occasions even killing them. This came to an end in late when new editor Whitney Ellsworth instituted a code of conduct for his characters to follow, banning Superman from ever killing.
Ellsworth's code, however, is not to be confused with " the Comics Code ", which was created in by the Comics Code Authority and ultimately abandoned by every major comic book publisher by the early 21st century.
In his first appearances, Superman was considered a vigilante by the authorities, being fired upon by the National Guard as he razed a slum so that the government would create better housing conditions for the poor.
By , however, Superman was working side-by-side with the police. He adheres to an unwavering moral code instilled in him by his adoptive parents.
Superman can be rather rigid in this trait, causing tensions in the superhero community. Having lost his home world of Krypton, Superman is very protective of Earth,  and especially of Clark Kent's family and friends.
This same loss, combined with the pressure of using his powers responsibly, has caused Superman to feel lonely on Earth, despite having his friends and parents.
Previous encounters with people he thought to be fellow Kryptonians, Power Girl  who is, in fact from the Krypton of the Earth-Two universe and Mon-El ,  have led to disappointment.
The arrival of Supergirl , who has been confirmed to be not only from Krypton, but also his cousin, has relieved this loneliness somewhat.
In many ways, Clark is the most human of us all. And how fortunate we all are that it does not occur to him.
The catalog of Superman's abilities and his strength has varied considerably over the vast body of Superman fiction released since Since Action Comics 1 , Superman has superhuman strength.
The cover of Action Comics 1 shows him effortlessly lifting a car over his head. Another classic feat of strength on Superman's part is breaking steel chains.
In some stories, he is strong enough to shift the orbits of planets  and crush coal into diamond with his hands. Since Action Comics 1 , Superman has a highly durable body, invulnerable for most practical purposes.
At the very least, bullets bounce harmlessly off his body. In some stories, such as Kingdom Come , not even a nuclear bomb can harm him.
In some stories, Superman is said to project an aura that renders invulnerable any tight-fitting clothes he wears, and hence his costume is as durable as he is despite being made of common human-fractured cloth.
This concept was first introduced in Man of Steel 1 In other stories, Superman's costume is made out of exotic materials that are as tough as he is.
In Action Comics 1, Superman could not fly. He traveled by running and leaping, which he could do to a prodigious degree thanks to his strength.
Superman gained the ability to fly in the second episode of the radio serial in He can break the sound barrier, and in some stories, he can even fly faster than light to travel to distant galaxies.
Superman can project and perceive X-rays via his eyes, which allows him to see through objects. He first uses this power in Action Comics 11 Certain materials such as lead can block his X-ray vision.
Superman can project beams of heat from his eyes which are hot enough to melt steel. He first used this power in Superman 59 by applying his X-ray vision at its highest intensity.
In later stories, this ability is simply called "heat vision". Superman can hear sounds that are too faint for a human to hear, and at frequencies outside the human hearing range.
This ability was introduced in Action Comics 11 Since Action Comics 20 , Superman possesses superhuman breath, which enables him to inhale or blow huge amounts of air, as well as holding his breath indefinitely to remain underwater or space without adverse effects.
He has a significant focus of his breath's intensity to the point of freezing targets by blowing on them. The "freezing breath" was first demonstrated in Superman Action Comics 1 explained that Superman's strength was common to all Kryptonians because they were a species "millions of years advanced of our own".
In the first newspaper strips, Jor-El is shown running and leaping like Superman, and his wife survives a building collapsing on her.
Later stories explained they evolved superhuman strength simply because of Krypton's higher gravity. Superman established that Superman's abilities other than strength flight, durability, etc.
In Action Comics , all of his powers including strength are activated by yellow sunlight and can be deactivated by red sunlight similar to that of Krypton's sun.
Exposure to green kryptonite radiation nullifies Superman's powers and incapacitates him with pain and nausea; prolonged exposure will eventually kill him.
Although green kryptonite is the most commonly seen form, writers have introduced other forms over the years: such as red, gold, blue, white, and black, each with its own effect.
Kryptonite first appeared in a episode of the radio serial. Superman is also vulnerable to magic. Enchanted weapons and magical spells affect Superman as easily as they would a normal human.
This weakness was established in Superman Superman's first and most famous supporting character is Lois Lane , introduced in Action Comics 1.
She is a fellow journalist at the Daily Planet. As Jerry Siegel conceived her, Lois considers Clark Kent to be a wimp, but she is infatuated with the bold and mighty Superman, not knowing that Kent and Superman are the same person.
Siegel objected to any proposal that Lois discover that Clark is Superman because he felt that, as implausible as Clark's disguise is, the love triangle was too important to the book's appeal.
This was the first story in which Superman and Lois marry that wasn't an "imaginary tale. Other supporting characters include Jimmy Olsen , a photographer at the Daily Planet , who is friends with both Superman and Clark Kent, though in most stories he doesn't know that Clark is Superman.
Jimmy is frequently described as "Superman's pal", and was conceived to give young male readers a relatable character through which they could fantasize being friends with Superman.
Clark Kent's foster parents are Ma and Pa Kent. In many stories, one or both of them have died by the time Clark becomes Superman.
Clark's parents taught him that he should use his abilities for altruistic means, but that he should also find some way to safeguard his private life.
The villains Superman faced in the earliest stories were ordinary humans, such as gangsters, corrupt politicians, and violent husbands; but they soon grew more colorful and outlandish so as to avoid offending censors or scaring children.
Superman's best-known nemesis, Lex Luthor , was introduced in Action Comics 23 April and has been depicted as either a mad scientist or a wealthy businessman sometimes both.
The details Superman's story and supporting cast vary across his large body of fiction released since , but most versions conform to the basic template described above.
A few stories feature radically altered versions of Superman. DC Comics has on some occasions published crossover stories where different versions of Superman interact with each other using the plot device of parallel universes.
For instance, in the s, the Superman of "Earth-One" would occasionally feature in stories alongside the Superman of "Earth-Two", the latter of whom resembled Superman as he was portrayed in the s.
DC Comics has not developed a consistent and universal system to classify all versions of Superman.
Superman is often thought of as the first superhero. This point is debated by historians: Ogon Bat , the Phantom , Zorro , and Mandrake the Magician arguably fit the definition of the superhero yet predate Superman.
Nevertheless, Superman popularized the archetype and established its conventions: a costume, a codename, extraordinary abilities, and an altruistic mission.
The very word "superhero" is derived from "Superman". This flourishing is today referred to as America's Golden Age of Comic Books , which lasted from to about The Golden Age ended when American superhero book sales declined, leading to the cancellation of many characters; but Superman was one of the few superhero franchises that survived this decline, and his sustained popularity into the late s helped the second flourishing in the Silver Age of Comic Books , when characters such as Spider-Man , Iron Man , and The X-Men were created.
After World War 2, American superhero fiction entered Japanese culture. Astro Boy , first published in , was inspired by Mighty Mouse , which itself was a parody of Superman.
These shows were popular with the Japanese and inspired Japan's own prolific genre of superheroes.
The first Japanese superhero movie, Super Giant , was released in Starting with the Pop Art period and on a continuing basis, since the s the character of Superman has been "appropriated" by multiple visual artists and incorporated into contemporary artwork,   most notably by Andy Warhol   , Roy Lichtenstein  , Mel Ramos  , Dulce Pinzon  , Mr.
Lennox Campello  , and others. Superman is the prototypical superhero and consequently the most frequently parodied. In , Bugs Bunny was featured in a short, Super-Rabbit , which sees the character gaining powers through eating fortified carrots.
This short ends with Bugs stepping into a phone booth to change into a real "Superman" and emerging as a U. In Daffy Duck assumes the mantle of "Cluck Trent" in the short Stupor Duck , a role later reprised in various issues of the Looney Tunes comic book.
The manga and anime series Dr. Slump featured the character Suppaman ; a short, fat, pompous man who changes into a thinly veiled Superman-like alter-ego by eating a sour-tasting umeboshi.
Jerry Seinfeld , a noted Superman fan, filled his series Seinfeld with references to the character and in asked for Superman to co-star with him in a commercial for American Express.
Seagle's graphic novel Superman: It's a Bird exploring Seagle's feelings on his own mortality as he struggles to develop a story for a Superman tale.
Superman was depicted as emaciated and breathing from an oxygen tank, demonstrating that no-one is beyond the reach of the disease, and it can destroy the lives of everyone.
Superman has also featured as an inspiration for musicians, with songs by numerous artists from several generations celebrating the character.
Donovan 's Billboard Hot topping single " Sunshine Superman " utilized the character in both the title and the lyric, declaring "Superman and Green Lantern ain't got nothing on me.
This cover is referenced by Grant Morrison in Animal Man , in which Superman meets the character, and the track comes on Animal Man 's Walkman immediately after.
Superman has been interpreted and discussed in many forms in the years since his debut, with Umberto Eco noting that "he can be seen as the representative of all his similars".
He regarded Superman's character in the early seventies as a comment on the modern world, which he saw as a place in which "only the man with superpowers can survive and prosper.
Grayling, writing in The Spectator , traces Superman's stances through the decades, from his s campaign against crime being relevant to a nation under the influence of Al Capone , through the s and World War II, a period in which Superman helped sell war bonds ,  and into the s, where Superman explored the new technological threats.
Bush and the terrorist Osama bin Laden , America is in earnest need of a Saviour for everything from the minor inconveniences to the major horrors of world catastrophe.
And here he is, the down-home clean-cut boy in the blue tights and red cape". An influence on early Superman stories is the context of the Great Depression.
Superman took on the role of social activist, fighting crooked businessmen and politicians and demolishing run-down tenements.
Scott Bukatman has discussed Superman, and the superhero in general, noting the ways in which they humanize large urban areas through their use of the space, especially in Superman's ability to soar over the large skyscrapers of Metropolis.
He writes that the character "represented, in , a kind of Corbusierian ideal. Superman has X-ray vision: walls become permeable, transparent.
Through his benign, controlled authority, Superman renders the city open, modernist and democratic; he furthers a sense that Le Corbusier described in , namely, that 'Everything is known to us'.
Jules Feiffer has argued that Superman's real innovation lay in the creation of the Clark Kent persona, noting that what "made Superman extraordinary was his point of origin: Clark Kent.
Joe and I had certain inhibitions That's where the dual-identity concept came from" and Shuster supporting that as being "why so many people could relate to it".
Ian Gordon suggests that the many incarnations of Superman across media use nostalgia to link the character to an ideology of the American Way.
He defines this ideology as a means of associating individualism, consumerism, and democracy and as something that took shape around WWII and underpinned the war effort.
Superman, he notes was very much part of that effort. Superman is considered the prototypical superhero. He established the major conventions of the archetype: a selfless, prosocial mission; extraordinary, perhaps superhuman, abilities; a secret identity and codename; and a colorful costume that expresses his nature.
Superman's immigrant status is a key aspect of his appeal. The extraterrestrial origin was seen by Regalado as challenging the notion that Anglo-Saxon ancestry was the source of all might.
Through the use of a dual identity, Superman allowed immigrants to identify with both of their cultures. Clark Kent represents the assimilated individual, allowing Superman to express the immigrants' cultural heritage for the greater good.
He argues that Superman's early stories portray a threat: "the possibility that the exile would overwhelm the country.
Some see Judaic themes in Superman. For example, Moses as a baby was sent away by his parents in a reed basket to escape death and adopted by a foreign culture.
Taking him back to their farm, they decide to raise him as their own, naming him Clark after Martha's maiden name.
Jonathan tells the boy that he must have been given superhuman powers on Earth for "a reason". At age 18, after Jonathan's death from a heart attack , Clark hears a psychic "call" and discovers a glowing green crystal in the remains of his spacecraft.
It compels him to travel to the Arctic where it builds the Fortress of Solitude , resembling the architecture of Krypton. Inside, a hologram of Jor-El explains Clark's true origins, and after 12 further years of educating him on his reason for being sent to Earth and his powers, he leaves the Fortress wearing a blue and red suit with a red cape and the House of El family crest emblazoned on his chest.
Becoming a reporter at the Daily Planet in Metropolis , Clark meets and develops a romantic attraction to coworker Lois Lane. Lois becomes involved in a helicopter accident where conventional means of rescue are impossible.
Clark uses his powers in public for the first time to save her, to the astonishment of the crowd gathered below. He then goes on to thwart a jewel thief attempting to scale the Solow Building , captures robbers fleeing police, rescues a girl's cat from a tree, and saves Air Force One after a lightning strike destroys an engine.
The "caped wonder", an instant celebrity, visits Lois at her penthouse apartment the next night and takes her for a flight, allowing her to interview him for an article in which she names him " Superman ".
Meanwhile, Criminal genius Lex Luthor learns of a joint U. Army and U. Navy nuclear missile test. He buys hundreds of acres of worthless desert land and reprograms one of the two missiles to detonate in the San Andreas Fault.
Knowing Superman could stop his plan, Lex deduces that a recently discovered meteorite is from Krypton and is radioactive to Superman.
After he and his accomplices Otis and Eve Teschmacher retrieve a piece of it, Luthor lures Superman to his underground lair and reveals his plan to cause everything west of the San Andreas Fault to sink into the Pacific Ocean, leaving Luthor's desert land as the new West Coast of the United States.
Luthor then exposes him to the meteor piece's mineral, Kryptonite , which weakens Superman greatly as Luthor taunts him about the second missile, headed east towards the random target of Hackensack, New Jersey.
Teschmacher is horrified because her mother lives in Hackensack, but Luthor does not care and leaves Superman to die. Knowing his reputation for keeping his word, Teschmacher helps him on the condition he will stop the eastbound missile first.
After being freed, Superman diverts the eastbound missile into outer space, consequently preventing him from reaching the westbound missile before it explodes in the San Andreas Fault.
Superman mitigates the effects of the explosion by sealing the fault line. While Superman is busy saving others, Lois's car falls into a crevice from one of the aftershocks , trapping her as it fills with dirt and debris.
Superman is unable to reach her in time, and she suffocates. Angered with failing to save her, Superman defies Jor-El's earlier warning not to manipulate human history, preferring to heed Jonathan's advice that he must be here for "a reason".
He accelerates around Earth, traveling several minutes backward in time to prevent Lois's death while also undoing the damage caused by the missile and earthquake.
After saving the West Coast, Superman brings Luthor and Otis to prison, and flies into the sunrise for further adventures.
Kirk Alyn and Noel Neill have cameo appearances as Lois Lane's father and mother in a deleted scene that was restored in later home media releases.
Superman , and were the first actors to portray the characters onscreen in a live-action format. Neill reprised her role in the s Adventures of Superman TV series.
Larry Hagman and Rex Reed also make cameos; Hagman plays an army major in charge of a convoy that is transporting one of the missiles, and Reed plays himself as he meets Lois and Clark outside the Daily Planet headquarters.
Ilya Salkind had first conceived the idea for a Superman film in late Ilya hired Alfred Bester , who began writing a film treatment.
Peckinpah dropped out when he produced a gun during a meeting with Ilya. George Lucas turned down the offer because of his commitment to Star Wars.
Ilya wanted to hire Steven Spielberg to direct, but Alexander was skeptical, feeling it was best to "wait until [Spielberg's] big fish opens.
Dustin Hoffman, who was previously considered for Superman, turned down Lex Luthor. He horrified Salkind by proposing in their first meeting that Jor-El appear as a green suitcase or a bagel with Brando's voice, but Donner used flattery to persuade the actor to portray Jor-El himself.
He also refused to memorize his dialogue, so cue cards were compiled across the set. Fellow Oscar winner Hackman was cast as Lex Luthor days later.
The filmmakers made it a priority to shoot all of Brando's and Hackman's footage "because they would be committed to other films immediately. Benton became too busy directing The Late Show , so David's wife Leslie was brought in to help her husband finish writing duties.
Their script was submitted in July ,  and carried a camp tone, including a cameo appearance by Telly Savalas as his Kojak character. The scripts for Superman and Superman II were now at over pages combined.
Production moved to England in late , but Hamilton could not join because he was a tax exile. Mark Robson was strongly considered and was in talks to direct, but after seeing The Omen , the producers hired Richard Donner.
According to Mankiewicz, "not a word from the Puzo script was used. It was pages. I said, 'You can't shoot this screenplay because you'll be shooting for five years'", Donner continued.
You know, pages is plenty for a script, so even for two features, that was way too much. It was initially decided to first sign an A-list actor for Superman before Richard Donner was hired as director.
Robert Redford was offered a large sum, but felt he was too famous. Burt Reynolds also turned down the role, while Sylvester Stallone was interested, but nothing ever came of it.
When it was next decided to cast an unknown actor, casting director Lynn Stalmaster first suggested Christopher Reeve , but Donner and the producers felt he was too young and skinny.
Olympic champion Bruce Jenner auditioned for the title role. Both Neil Diamond and Arnold Schwarzenegger lobbied hard for the role, but were ignored.
James Caan said he was offered the part but turned it down. The search became so desperate that producer Ilya Salkind 's wife's dentist was screen tested.
Stalmaster convinced Donner and Ilya to have Reeve screen test in February Reeve stunned the director and producers, but he was told to wear a "muscle suit" to produce the desired muscular physique.
Reeve refused,   undertaking a strict physical exercise regime headed by David Prowse. Prowse had wanted to portray Superman, but was denied an audition by the filmmakers because he was not American.
Prowse also auditioned for Non. Reeve went from to pounds during pre-production and filming. East's lines were overdubbed by Reeve during post-production.
Chris did a good job but it caused tension between us. We resolved our issues with each other years later. He applied 3 to 4 hours of prosthetic makeup daily to facially resemble Reeve.
Principal photography began on March 28, at Pinewood Studios for Krypton scenes, budgeted as the most expensive film ever made at that point.
Since Superman was being shot simultaneously with Superman II , filming lasted nineteen months, until October Filming was originally scheduled to last between seven and eight months, but problems arose during production.
John Barry served as production designer , while Stuart Craig and Norman Reynolds worked as art directors. Derek Meddings and Les Bowie were credited as visual effects supervisors.
Vic Armstrong was hired as the stunt coordinator and Reeve's stunt double ; his wife Wendy Leech was Kidder's double.
Superman was also the final complete film by cinematographer Geoffrey Unsworth , who died during post-production while working on Tess for director Roman Polanski.
Due to complications and problems during filming, Warner Bros. Brooklyn Heights was also used. Production moved to Alberta for scenes set in Smallville , with the cemetery scene filmed in the canyon of Beynon, Alberta , the high school football scenes at Barons, Alberta , and the Kent farm constructed at Blackie, Alberta.
Creative consultant Tom Mankiewicz reflected, "Donner never got a budget or a schedule. He was constantly told he was way over schedule and budget.
At one point he said, 'Why don't you just schedule the film for the next two days, and then I'll be nine months over?
Lester was offered producing credit but refused, going uncredited for his work. He won a lot of his lawsuits, but each time he sued the Salkinds in one country, they'd move to another, from Costa Rica to Panama to Switzerland.
When I was hired, Lester told me, 'Don't do it. Don't work for them. I was told not to, but I did it.
Now I'm telling you not to, but you'll probably do it and end up telling the next guy. I didn't trust Lester, and I told him. He said, 'Believe me, I'm only doing it because they're paying me the money that they owe me from the lawsuit.
I'll never come onto your set unless you ask me; I'll never go to your dailies. If I can help you in any way, call me.
It was decided to stop shooting Superman II and focus on finishing Superman. Donner commented, "I decided if Superman is a success, they're going to do a sequel.
If it ain't a success, a cliffhanger ain't gonna bring them to see Superman II. Superman contains large-scale visual effects sequences.
The Golden Gate Bridge scale model stood 70 feet long and 20 feet wide. Slow motion was used to simulate the vast amount of water for the Hoover Dam destruction.
The Fortress of Solitude was a combination of a full-scale set and matte paintings. The car crashes on the Golden Gate Bridge were a mixture of models and stunt drivers on a disused runway.
Young Clark Kent 's long-distance football punt was executed with a wooden football loaded into an air blaster placed in the ground.
The Superman costume was to be a much darker blue, but the use of blue screen made it transparent. For landings and take-offs, wire flying riggings were devised and used.
On location, these were suspended from tower cranes, whereas in the studio elaborate rigs were suspended from the studio ceilings.
Some of the wire-flying work was quite audacious—the penultimate shot where Superman flies out of the prison yard, for example.
Counterweights and pulleys were typically used to achieve flying movement, rather than electronic or motorized devices. The thin wires used to suspend Reeve were typically removed from the film in post-production using rotoscope techniques, although this wasn't necessary in all shots in certain lighting conditions or when Superman is very distant in the frame, the wires were more or less imperceptible.
For stationary shots where Superman is seen flying toward or away from the camera, blue screen matte techniques were used. Reeve would be photographed suspended against a blue screen.
While a special device made his cape flap to give the illusion of movement, the actor himself would remain stationary save for banking his body.
The blue background would then be photochemically removed and Reeve's isolated image would be 'inserted' into a matted area of a background plate shot.
The zoom-ins or zoom-outs would give the appearance of flying away or toward the contents of the background plate.
The disparity in lighting and color between the matted image and the background plate, the occasional presence of black matte lines where the matte area and the matted image—in this case, Superman—do not exactly match up , and the slightly unconvincing impression of movement achieved through the use of zoom lenses is characteristic of these shots.
Where the shot is tracking with Superman as he flies such as in the Superman and Lois Metropolis flying sequence , front projection was used.
The result was a very clear and intense photographic reproduction of both the actors and the background plate, with far less image deterioration or lighting problems than occur with rear projection.
A technique was developed that combined the front projection effect with specially designed zoom lenses.
For scenes where Superman interacts with other people or objects while in flight, Reeve and actors were put in a variety of rigging equipment with careful lighting and photography.
The highly reflective costumes worn by the Kryptonians are made of the same 3M material used for the front projection screens and were the result of an accident during Superman flying tests.
There was a little light on each camera, and it would project into a mirror, bounce out in front of the lens, hit the costume, [and] millions of little glass beads would light up and bring the image back into the camera.
He dropped out over scheduling conflicts, and John Williams was hired. Williams conducted the London Symphony Orchestra to record the soundtrack.
Billboard Hot and 69 Cash Box. It became a mid-chart hit on the Billboard Hot that year 52 , spending three weeks at number five on the U.
Adult Contemporary chart, as well as making lesser appearances on the corresponding Canadian charts. It was also a very minor hit on the U.
Country chart, reaching Both Williams' and McGovern's singles contained theme music from the score. On February 15, , La-La Land Records released the fully expanded restoration of Williams' score as part of the film's 40th anniversary.
Superman is divided into three basic sections, each having a distinct theme and visual style. The first segment, set on Krypton, is meant to be typical of science fiction films , but also lays the groundwork for an analogy that emerges in the relationship between Jor-El and Kal-El.
The second segment, set in Smallville, is reminiscent of s films, and its small-town atmosphere is meant to evoke a Norman Rockwell painting.
The third and largest segment, set mostly in Metropolis, was an attempt to present the superhero story with as much realism as possible what Donner called "verisimilitude" , relying on traditional cinematic drama and using only subtle humor instead of a campy approach.
In each of the three acts, the mythic status of Superman is enhanced by events that recall the hero's journey or monomyth as described by Joseph Campbell.
Each act has a discernible cycle of "call" and journey.Infos über Superman. Verlag: DC (© Copyright by TM DC Comics) Bild links: © Copyright by TM Alex Ross and DC Comics Name: Superman Richtiger Name. ___ Superman heißt mit bürgerlichem Namen Kal-El und stammt gebürtig vom Planeten Krypton. Superman™, der erste bekannte Superheld, debütierte in einer Ausgabe von Action-Comics. So beliebt war der ikonische Man of Steel, dass er bald. Chris Roberson. Marco Santucci. Perfekt für Neuleser und Einsteiger! Das Daily News Building diente Goonies Sloth als Drehort. Steve Niles. März John Livesay. Paul Dini. Gleichzeitig beginnt er als Superman, Gutes zu tun und Verbrechen zu bekämpfen. Tom DeFalco. Gerry Conway. Green Lantern. Superman Tipps und Bestseller:. Ace the Bat-Hound. This section details the most consistent elements of the Superman narrative Dragon Age Inquisition Dlc the myriad stories published since Kroos Der Film An early parody cartoon featuring Bugs Bunny as Superman. Brooklyn Heights was also used. Dustin Hoffman, who was previously considered for Superman, turned down Lex Luthor. First Appearance. I used to hear those wonderful stories in the cutting room that Tom and Supermann and Stuart would tell about Superman and that's how I kind of got the ideas for the plots of 'Taking Flight' and 'Making Superman'". Wonder Stories. This Supermann the most successful and longest-running animated version of Superman.